Risk-Taking and Performance of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Lessons from Tanzanian Bakeries
SMEs are the major drivers of socioeconomic development of many economies. In order to influence economic growth, SMEs must be capable of enhancing their competiveness, growth, and sustainability. These capabilities are acquired by SMEs that understand and adopt entrepreneurial strategies that work. There is abundant literature confirming that one of these entrepreneurial strategies include risk-taking practices. SMEs are still facing challenges to understand and apply the right risk-taking strategies that influence their performance. We therefore characterise risk-taking as risk planning, risk controlling, and strategic risk initiatives, and seek to establish their contribution on SME performance. This study draws lessons from the risk management practices of small and medium-sized bakeries in Tanzania where agriculture, a sector that directly relates with bakery business, is one of the leading sectors in driving economic growth. We adopt a multi-stage sampling technique and receive responses from 161 questionnaires, and 20 in depth interviews from bakery owners/managers throughout Tanzania. The principal component analysis, qualitative content analysis (manifest analysis), and the moderator analysis are used in analyzing these data. We ascertain that both the firm age, and the gender, of the owner/manager moderate the relationship between risk-taking strategies and SME performance. We argue that SMEs have the responsibilities of improving their risk-taking practices and capabilities in order to drive their competitiveness. Additionally, SMEs need to employ their efforts and resources in supporting their risk management initiatives, and integrate them in their business operations, and policy development practices, and ultimately advance their sustainability.
Copyright (c) 2020 Kafigi Jeje
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Author (s) should affirm that the material has not been published previously. It has not been submitted and it is not under consideration by any other journal. At the same time author (s) need to execute a publication permission agreement to assume the responsibility of the submitted content and any omissions and errors therein. After submission of a revised paper in the light of suggestions of the reviewers, editorial team edits and formats manuscripts to bring uniformity and standardization in published material.
This work will be licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) and under condition of the license, users are free to read, copy, remix, transform, redistribute, download, print, search or link to the full texts of articles and even build upon their work as long as they credit the author for the original work. Moreover, as per journal policy author (s) hold and retain copyrights without any restrictions.