Journal of Social and Development Sciences <p><strong>Journal of Social and Development Sciences (JSDS)</strong> is a peer reviewed open access journal (ISSN 2221-1152) publishes original unpublished research work. A scholarly journal deals with the disciplines of social and development sciences. JSDS publishes research work that meaningfully contributes towards theoretical bases of contemporary developments in society.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/cc_by1.png"></p> <p>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> AMH International en-US Journal of Social and Development Sciences 2221-1152 <p>Author (s) should affirm that the material has not been published previously. It has not been submitted and it is not under consideration by any other journal. At the same time author (s) need to execute a publication permission agreement to assume the responsibility of the submitted content and any omissions and errors therein. After submission of a revised paper, the editorial team edits and formats manuscripts to bring uniformity and standardization in published material.</p> <p>This work will be licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) and under condition of the license, users are free to read, copy, remix, transform, redistribute, download, print, search or link to the full texts of articles and even build upon their work as long as they credit the author for the original work.&nbsp;Moreover, as per journal policy&nbsp;author (s) hold and retain copyrights without any restrictions.</p> Government Policy Approach to Environmental Conflicts among the Niger Delta Communities: Implication to 2015 and Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals <p>The present study is focused on the public perception of government approach to the environmental challenges in the region of Niger Delta and its implication to environmentally-related conflict resolution and inclusive society. Four states were randomly selected while eight local government areas, 24 communities and 500 respondents (18+) were randomly selected for data collection. Our evaluation and analysis were focused on the public perception of the government policy approach in resolving the environmentally-related conflict in the region, support to this approach and the likelihood of youth involvement in violent agitation in the region. From our data, we pinpointed and demonstrated the weaknesses and unpopular nature of the dominant policy approach in the region as well as the latent energy of environmental conflict in the region. For policy relevance of the study, we ran a statistical cross examination on prevailing sociological issues in the region relevant to sustainable environmental and conflict resolution policy in the region. Our study established some factors relevant to inclusive society policy in achieving sustainable peace in the region such as public perception of government approach to their environmental challenges, socially-inclusive mode of consultation, age etc. in view of the strength of our data, the findings and suggestion of the study will help the Nigerian government to the threshold of people oriented and sustainable policies in dealing with the ceaseless conflict agitations in the region. The study aims to contribute in the current social scientific literature, the point of individual involvement in environmental conflict in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.</p> Okafor Samuel O Okafor Joachim C Copyright (c) 2019 Okafor Samuel O, Okafor Joachim C 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 10 2(S) 1 14 10.22610/jsds.v10i2(S).2904 Gender Based Violence and the Global Gendered Viewpoint Approaches to Building a Peaceful South Africa <p>This study looks at the prevalence of gender violence in South Africa particularly, and argues to support a gendered perspective as an approach with the inclusion of women in an effort to address or resolve violence against women. The UNSCR-1325 reaffirmed the significance of gender integration at all levels of peace and security agenda, the purpose underlined in the declaration shows a slow affirmation among international organisations. The effect of gender based brutality is a significant human rights infringement with real social and formative effects for overcoming viciousness. On an individual level, sexual based violence can lead to mental injury, and can have both psychological social and physical ramifications for survivors. Therefore, the argument set forward in support of a gendered viewpoint to deal with violence and peace-building originated from a classified arrangement of political characters, from a collection of controls, with various political sentimentalities and distinctive prescribed techniques for conflicts intervention. Furthermore, the global gendered perspective intervention is also assessed as a strategy by exploring various approaches to deal with global gender-based conflict. The approaches are considered instrumentalist in their various approaches, as they consider women to be instrumental in accomplishing a maintainable peace, but dismissing the issue of how peace can improve the situation of violence against women, and not taking into consideration the issues of gender based violence. This tremendously fails to discourse and address structural disparities and power crescendos or dynamics that underpinned gender discrimination. Findings in this study shows that, there is a need for gendered perspective to address violence and build peace in various civil societies, while taking into account the socio-economic effect of gender violence. Peace and Security plan is goal-oriented and transformative in its discourse. Therefore, it requires women's contribution to fight gender violence at all levels.</p> Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe Copyright (c) 2019 Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 10 2(S) 15 25 10.22610/jsds.v10i2(S).2905 Financial Knowledge as Youth Preneur Success Factor <p>Indonesia currently has developed entrepreneurship both conceptually and practically and has developed very rapidly. Knowledge that must be possessed by an entrepreneur is financial knowledge. Adequate financial knowledge is needed to provide entrepreneurial skills to make sound financial decisions. Other variables of financial behavior that are important to be measured along with financial knowledge on the success of young entrepreneurial business are the level of financial behavior and financial literacy. This research was designed as explanatory research to explain the subject of the influence of financial knowledge, financial literacy, and financial attitude towards young entrepreneurial success. The research was conducted in the city of Surabaya. The population of this study is young entrepreneurs who have micro businesses. The sampling technique is done in a way cluster sampling. The analytical method used in this study is to use multiple linear regressions with validity test, reliability test, classic assumption test, and hypothesis testing.</p> Achmad Kautsar Nadia Asandimitra Copyright (c) 2019 Achmad Kautsar, Nadia Asandimitra 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 10 2(S) 26 32 10.22610/jsds.v10i2(S).2906 The Dynamic Approaches in Enhancing Citizenry Participation in South African Local Government <p>The Constitution of South Africa is underpinned by the standards of good administration, featuring the significance of open interest as a basic component of an effective local administration, with respect to subject inclusion in a "local government" organization. The interest of citizens to participate in local government issues is viewed as having a noteworthy ramification on democratizing administration conveyance beyond simply delegate government, by having people and community as focal role players all the while. In South Africa, the need for the community to participate in local government administration offers a more prominent control of the underprivileged over their own circumstance and guarantees their full inclusion in deciding their very own formative needs. Along these lines, districts must assume a noteworthy job in advancing the majority rules system of democracy and guaranteeing that the community takes an interest in choices that influence them specifically. This study contends that regardless of its perplexing structures, obstructions, and serious administrative difficulties, citizens’ interest stay vital to the accomplishment of local government administration conveyance. The idea of community support as an indispensable factor for a fruitful government and delivery of good administration in the local circle was examined in this paper. The possibility of community interest in South Africa was bolstered by the declaration of different administrative structures which supported the contribution of individuals in local administration and strategy making. For instance, the White Paper on Local Government (1998) a qualitative analysis method was adopted by this study and the rational model was applied to place things in the correct points of view.</p> Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe Toyin Cottis Adetiba Copyright (c) 2019 Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe, Toyin Cottis Adetiba 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 10 2(S) 33 43 10.22610/jsds.v10i2(S).2907 Impact of Brand Label on Purchase Intention of a Customer <p>Main target of this research is examining the relationship between the purchase intention of cosmetics and brand label. The image of the store mediates the relationship between purchase intention and brand label in the cosmetics sector of Pakistan. To check the direct or indirect effect of brand label on purchase intention, data was collected from 200 customers of different stores. Snow ball sampling technique is used for the collection of data from respondents, and PLS-SEM 3 was used to test the hypothesis. The findings indicate that brand label positively and significantly impact customer purchase intention of cosmetics and store image is also positively linked with brand label and mediating the relationship between purchase intention and brand label. Findings will help the retail service sector to understand the importance of store image and how to enhance the consumers purchase intentions. Over long term, customer retention is better and business profitability is greater.</p> Ahsan Ul Haq Irfan Ahmad Kahloon Aamir Saleem Copyright (c) 2019 Ahsan Ul Haq, Irfan Ahmad Kahloon, Aamir Saleem 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 10 2(S) 44 51 10.22610/jsds.v10i2(S).2909