Journal of Social and Development Sciences <p><strong>Journal of Social and Development Sciences (JSDS)</strong> is a peer reviewed open access journal (ISSN 2221-1152) publishes original unpublished research work. A scholarly journal deals with the disciplines of social and development sciences. JSDS publishes research work that meaningfully contributes towards theoretical bases of contemporary developments in society.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/cc_by1.png"></p> <p>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> AMH International en-US Journal of Social and Development Sciences 2221-1152 <p>Author (s) should affirm that the material has not been published previously. It has not been submitted and it is not under consideration by any other journal. At the same time author (s) need to execute a publication permission agreement to assume the responsibility of the submitted content and any omissions and errors therein. After submission of a revised paper, the editorial team edits and formats manuscripts to bring uniformity and standardization in published material.</p> <p>This work will be licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) and under condition of the license, users are free to read, copy, remix, transform, redistribute, download, print, search or link to the full texts of articles and even build upon their work as long as they credit the author for the original work.&nbsp;Moreover, as per journal policy&nbsp;author (s) hold and retain copyrights without any restrictions.</p> Optimal Taxation in the Solow-Uzawa Growth Model with Public Goods <p>This paper makes an original contribution to the literature of optimal taxation by introducing Ramsey<br>taxation to the Solow-Uzawa growth model to examine genuine dynamic interdependence between growth and<br>optimal taxation. We introduce a public sector to the Uzawa two-sector growth model. The public sector supplies<br>public goods and services. The government financially supports by the public sector by collecting taxes on the<br>household’s wage income and wealth income under the assumption that the utility level is maximized. We derive<br>the optimal taxation rule and construct the dynamics of the national economy. The model studies a nonlinear<br>dynamics between national and sectoral growth, economic structural change, wealth/capital accumulation, and<br>optimal tax rates in perfect competitive markets with the government intervention. The model has a unique<br>stable equilibrium point with the chosen parameter values. We carry out comparative dynamic analysis to<br>analyze effects of exogenous changes in a few parameters on the transitional process and long-term economic<br>structure of the economic dynamics.</p> Wei-Bin Zhang Copyright (c) 2020 Wei-Bin Zhang 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 10 3(S) 1 11 10.22610/jsds.v10i3(S).2980 The Socio-Political Dynamic Import of Citizens Participation in Public Resource Management in Relation to Good Governance for South Africa <p>This article looks at the social fundamentals in Africa’s political governance in relation to basic<br>leadership and its system of administration regarding public office holders vis-a-vis political leaders. In an<br>attempt to address the research question, it conceptualizes the dynamics of having a transparent government,<br>in the changing pattern in leadership in relation to good administration of governance and the management<br>of public goods and delivery of services to general public, a system for which the discourse changes in Africa’s<br>legislative issues. This article focuses on the structures of interaction from the national to local level it then<br>brings up development of events that seem to be basic to all African politics, which may have been inciting the<br>changes in the original patterns. It identifies socio-political and economic policies as bedrock that is central to<br>a country’s stability and development. Inevitably, a properly established economic policy is needed to ensure<br>the sustainability, strength, development, and delivery, of public goods efficiently. This article contributes to<br>the political discourse in Africa, which may have continued to this day and findings shows the obvious failures<br>on the part of political leaders’ and their inability to manage public resources, thereby making them deviate<br>from their campaign manifestos or become detached from people-centred fundamental issues of governance.<br>Qualitatively, this article is conducted and guided by Stewardship and Corporate Governance theory. It<br>objectively looks at the keys of good governance as its objective in the post-independence African public<br>sector in providing an enabling environment and effective regulatory framework.</p> Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe Tafadzwa C. Maramura Israel K. Ekanade Hannah Muzee Copyright (c) 2020 Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe, Tafadzwa C. Maramura, Israel K. Ekanade, Hannah Muzee 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 10 3(S) 12 21 10.22610/jsds.v10i3(S).2981 Suitability of the HIV/AIDS Control Program in the HIV/AIDS Control Policy in Banjarmasin to Achieve "Getting to Zero" <p>Increasing HIV/AIDS infection has made Banjarmasin City government increasingly worried, so<br>that the realization of policy implementation is needed to solve the problem. Because if the problem of<br>HIV/AIDs is allowed to have an impact on regional development, budgeting and also have an impact on<br>poverty. Based on these, this research is focused on the suitability of the program with the needs of the<br>community in implementing HIV/AIDS control policies. This study aims to describe, analyze and interpret<br>matters relating to the suitability of the program with the need to implement policies in an effort to control<br>HIV/AIDS in the city of Banjarmasin. The qualitative research method uses a descriptive approach based on a<br>public policy perspective. This study seeks to present the empirical facts of the Banjarmasin City<br>government's naturalistic actions and reveal hidden values. So it is expected to illustrate the phenomenon of<br>the implementation of government policies regarding the suitability of the program with the need to control<br>HIV/AIDS in the city of Banjarmasin. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the suitability<br>of the program with the needs in the Implementation of HIV/AIDS Control Policy in the city of Banjarmasin<br>has not run in accordance with the contents of the local regulations. Incompatibility of HIV/AIDS control<br>programs with community needs in the city of Banjarmasin and the lack of stakeholder support and<br>coordination in efforts to control HIV/AIDS based on these findings and the suggestion of this research, it will<br>help the Banjarmasin City Government take HIV/AIDS control policies that are oriented towards the needs of<br>the people in Banjarmasin City. This research also aims to contribute to the public policy scientific literature<br>and individuals involved in controlling HIV/AIDS in the City of Banjarmasin.</p> Nana Noviana Sri Suwitri Bambang Supriyono Sutopo Patria Jati Copyright (c) 2020 Nana Noviana, Sri Suwitri, Bambang Supriyono, Sutopo Patria Jati 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 10 3(S) 22 29 10.22610/jsds.v10i3(S).2982 Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Different Curing Methods <p>The structural use of concrete depends largely on its strength, especially compressive strength.<br>Various tests were carried out to ascertain the properties of concrete materials, whereas test performances of<br>the concrete with different mix ratios at specific ages of curing were undertaken. The study determined the<br>compressive strength of concrete using different curing methods. Four different methods of curing (ponding,<br>continuous wetting, open-air curing and sprinkling with water) were used. Seventy-two (72) cubes were cast<br>using a mix ratio of 1:2:4 and 1:3:6 with 0.5 water cement ratio and with 0.6 waters cement ratio respectively.<br>The compressive strengths were determined after 7 days, 14 days and at 28 days of curing. Findings show<br>that for 1:2:4 concrete, maximum of 28-day compressive was the highest for concrete cured by ponding and<br>the least was by sprinkling water. Further findings show that for 1:3:6 concrete, maximum of 28-day<br>compressive strength was obtained using ponding and the least was open air curing. Despite ponding method<br>producing the highest compressive strength of concrete, it is practically impossible to cure cubes above<br>ground structural elements. Wet-covering method is recommended for structural elements, such as columns,<br>beams and slabs in other to produce concrete<br>of a required compressive strength.</p> Daniel Yaw Osei Zakari Mustapha Mohammed D.H. Zebilila Copyright (c) 2020 Daniel Yaw Osei, Zakari Mustapha, Mohammed D.H. Zebilila 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 10 3(S) 30 38 10.22610/jsds.v10i3(S).2983 Socioeconomic Implications of Examination Fraud and Assessment Irregularities in South Africa’s Higher Education Sector: A Futuristic View <p>This paper, based on scholarly as well as documentary evidence, intends to highlight the<br>socioeconomic implications of fraud and assessment irregularities in South Africa’s higher education. Higher<br>education institutions serve nation building purposes and as such it is expected that what they produce<br>should be of high standard in order to further this purpose. Lately, owing to the rise in assessment<br>malpractices across South African institutions of higher learning, calls have been made by business and<br>society for ways to deal with this. This paper asks a few questions related to what constitutes fraud and<br>assessment irregularities and the sources of these. The paper also points out what these portend for higher<br>education in South Africa while at the same suggesting some recommendations. This paper contributes to the<br>literature on the growing concerns of educators and researchers regarding high levels of examination<br>malpractice and assessment irregularities within higher education sector globally, but in particular South<br>Africa.</p> Chux Gervase Iwu Copyright (c) 2020 Chux Gervase Iwu 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 10 3(S) 39 46 10.22610/jsds.v10i3(S).2984