Journal of Social and Development Sciences 2020-01-16T09:41:34-05:00 Editor Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal of Social and Development Sciences (JSDS)</strong> is a peer reviewed open access journal (ISSN 2221-1152) publishes original unpublished research work. A scholarly journal deals with the disciplines of social and development sciences. JSDS publishes research work that meaningfully contributes towards theoretical bases of contemporary developments in society.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/cc_by1.png"></p> <p>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Optimal Taxation in the Solow-Uzawa Growth Model with Public Goods 2020-01-16T09:41:32-05:00 Wei-Bin Zhang <p>This paper makes an original contribution to the literature of optimal taxation by introducing Ramsey<br>taxation to the Solow-Uzawa growth model to examine genuine dynamic interdependence between growth and<br>optimal taxation. We introduce a public sector to the Uzawa two-sector growth model. The public sector supplies<br>public goods and services. The government financially supports by the public sector by collecting taxes on the<br>household’s wage income and wealth income under the assumption that the utility level is maximized. We derive<br>the optimal taxation rule and construct the dynamics of the national economy. The model studies a nonlinear<br>dynamics between national and sectoral growth, economic structural change, wealth/capital accumulation, and<br>optimal tax rates in perfect competitive markets with the government intervention. The model has a unique<br>stable equilibrium point with the chosen parameter values. We carry out comparative dynamic analysis to<br>analyze effects of exogenous changes in a few parameters on the transitional process and long-term economic<br>structure of the economic dynamics.</p> 2020-01-10T00:19:40-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Wei-Bin Zhang The Socio-Political Dynamic Import of Citizens Participation in Public Resource Management in Relation to Good Governance for South Africa 2020-01-16T09:41:34-05:00 Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe Tafadzwa C. Maramura Israel K. Ekanade Hannah Muzee <p>This article looks at the social fundamentals in Africa’s political governance in relation to basic<br>leadership and its system of administration regarding public office holders vis-a-vis political leaders. In an<br>attempt to address the research question, it conceptualizes the dynamics of having a transparent government,<br>in the changing pattern in leadership in relation to good administration of governance and the management<br>of public goods and delivery of services to general public, a system for which the discourse changes in Africa’s<br>legislative issues. This article focuses on the structures of interaction from the national to local level it then<br>brings up development of events that seem to be basic to all African politics, which may have been inciting the<br>changes in the original patterns. It identifies socio-political and economic policies as bedrock that is central to<br>a country’s stability and development. Inevitably, a properly established economic policy is needed to ensure<br>the sustainability, strength, development, and delivery, of public goods efficiently. This article contributes to<br>the political discourse in Africa, which may have continued to this day and findings shows the obvious failures<br>on the part of political leaders’ and their inability to manage public resources, thereby making them deviate<br>from their campaign manifestos or become detached from people-centred fundamental issues of governance.<br>Qualitatively, this article is conducted and guided by Stewardship and Corporate Governance theory. It<br>objectively looks at the keys of good governance as its objective in the post-independence African public<br>sector in providing an enabling environment and effective regulatory framework.</p> 2020-01-10T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Andrew Osehi Enaifoghe, Tafadzwa C. Maramura, Israel K. Ekanade, Hannah Muzee Suitability of the HIV/AIDS Control Program in the HIV/AIDS Control Policy in Banjarmasin to Achieve "Getting to Zero" 2020-01-16T09:41:30-05:00 Nana Noviana Sri Suwitri Bambang Supriyono Sutopo Patria Jati <p>Increasing HIV/AIDS infection has made Banjarmasin City government increasingly worried, so<br>that the realization of policy implementation is needed to solve the problem. Because if the problem of<br>HIV/AIDs is allowed to have an impact on regional development, budgeting and also have an impact on<br>poverty. Based on these, this research is focused on the suitability of the program with the needs of the<br>community in implementing HIV/AIDS control policies. This study aims to describe, analyze and interpret<br>matters relating to the suitability of the program with the need to implement policies in an effort to control<br>HIV/AIDS in the city of Banjarmasin. The qualitative research method uses a descriptive approach based on a<br>public policy perspective. This study seeks to present the empirical facts of the Banjarmasin City<br>government's naturalistic actions and reveal hidden values. So it is expected to illustrate the phenomenon of<br>the implementation of government policies regarding the suitability of the program with the need to control<br>HIV/AIDS in the city of Banjarmasin. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the suitability<br>of the program with the needs in the Implementation of HIV/AIDS Control Policy in the city of Banjarmasin<br>has not run in accordance with the contents of the local regulations. Incompatibility of HIV/AIDS control<br>programs with community needs in the city of Banjarmasin and the lack of stakeholder support and<br>coordination in efforts to control HIV/AIDS based on these findings and the suggestion of this research, it will<br>help the Banjarmasin City Government take HIV/AIDS control policies that are oriented towards the needs of<br>the people in Banjarmasin City. This research also aims to contribute to the public policy scientific literature<br>and individuals involved in controlling HIV/AIDS in the City of Banjarmasin.</p> 2020-01-10T00:53:47-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nana Noviana, Sri Suwitri, Bambang Supriyono, Sutopo Patria Jati Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Different Curing Methods 2020-01-16T09:41:29-05:00 Daniel Yaw Osei Zakari Mustapha Mohammed D.H. Zebilila <p>The structural use of concrete depends largely on its strength, especially compressive strength.<br>Various tests were carried out to ascertain the properties of concrete materials, whereas test performances of<br>the concrete with different mix ratios at specific ages of curing were undertaken. The study determined the<br>compressive strength of concrete using different curing methods. Four different methods of curing (ponding,<br>continuous wetting, open-air curing and sprinkling with water) were used. Seventy-two (72) cubes were cast<br>using a mix ratio of 1:2:4 and 1:3:6 with 0.5 water cement ratio and with 0.6 waters cement ratio respectively.<br>The compressive strengths were determined after 7 days, 14 days and at 28 days of curing. Findings show<br>that for 1:2:4 concrete, maximum of 28-day compressive was the highest for concrete cured by ponding and<br>the least was by sprinkling water. Further findings show that for 1:3:6 concrete, maximum of 28-day<br>compressive strength was obtained using ponding and the least was open air curing. Despite ponding method<br>producing the highest compressive strength of concrete, it is practically impossible to cure cubes above<br>ground structural elements. Wet-covering method is recommended for structural elements, such as columns,<br>beams and slabs in other to produce concrete<br>of a required compressive strength.</p> 2020-01-10T01:05:14-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Daniel Yaw Osei, Zakari Mustapha, Mohammed D.H. Zebilila Socioeconomic Implications of Examination Fraud and Assessment Irregularities in South Africa’s Higher Education Sector: A Futuristic View 2020-01-16T09:41:27-05:00 Chux Gervase Iwu <p>This paper, based on scholarly as well as documentary evidence, intends to highlight the<br>socioeconomic implications of fraud and assessment irregularities in South Africa’s higher education. Higher<br>education institutions serve nation building purposes and as such it is expected that what they produce<br>should be of high standard in order to further this purpose. Lately, owing to the rise in assessment<br>malpractices across South African institutions of higher learning, calls have been made by business and<br>society for ways to deal with this. This paper asks a few questions related to what constitutes fraud and<br>assessment irregularities and the sources of these. The paper also points out what these portend for higher<br>education in South Africa while at the same suggesting some recommendations. This paper contributes to the<br>literature on the growing concerns of educators and researchers regarding high levels of examination<br>malpractice and assessment irregularities within higher education sector globally, but in particular South<br>Africa.</p> 2020-01-10T01:11:13-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Chux Gervase Iwu