Journal of Education and Vocational Research 2019-09-08T16:46:03-04:00 Editor Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal of Education and Vocational Research</strong> is an open access journal publishes (ISSN 2221-2590) original unpublished quality research work. A scholarly peer-reviewed journal deals with the disciplines of education and vocational research. JEVR publishes research work of considerable interest that contributes to theoretical bases of contemporary developments in the field of education and vocational training. JEVR is a&nbsp;semiannual publication journal.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/cc_by.png"></p> <p>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a title="Creative Commons Attribution International License" href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Impact of Difficulties Faced by Adolescents in Making Career Decision on their Mental Health 2019-07-23T00:22:04-04:00 Ayesha Khan Adeela Rehman <p>This research aimed to explore the impact of difficulties faced by adolescents in making a career decision on their mental health. The objective of the research was to explore the factors affecting career decision making and to explore the psychological effect of career decision making difficulties. A quantitative research design was used to collect data through online survey by random sampling method in which a sample of 70 adolescents aged between 18-24 both male (28) and female (42) were collected from Rawalpindi, Pakistan and then analyzed on SPSS. A correlation (p: .002) was found between career indecisiveness and mental health. Independent T test result suggested that gender difference exists with respect to career indecisiveness indicating a value of p to be .01, while one way ANOVA indicated a value of p to be .382, showing that no significant difference exist with respect to respondents age. A chi square result indicated the factors affecting career decision making to be parental (p: .000) and peer pressure (p: .002) and indicated that career decision making time period is stressful for adolescents who feel difficulty in making a career decision (p: .000) indicating a psychological effect. Thus, the hypothesis was proved that adolescents face career decision making difficulties which negatively impact their mental health and it is recommended that they should be given career guidance to help them out in exploring what they really want to do in their lives instead of making a wrong career and regretting it later.</p> 2019-04-07T14:13:49-04:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Ayesha Khan, Adeela Rehman The Effects of Smartphone on Students’ Learning at National Dong Hwa University 2019-07-23T00:21:43-04:00 Murni Sianturi Nurhayati A <p>This study aimed to examine whether students consider that their mobile phones are useful devices for academic learning. Moreover, it was to investigate whether students’ opinion on their mobile devices are useful devices for academic learning have any differences based on students’ gender, age, college and type of their mobile phone; and students’ opinion regarding capabilities of all features of Smartphone have positive correlation for effect of Smartphone to students’ learning. The participants were students of four colleges in National Dong Hwa University. The effectiveness of Smartphone was measured by questionnaire consisted students’ opinion on using their Smartphone in learning. Based on the findings of this study, students consider that their mobile phones were useful devices for academic learning, and provided positive impact in students’ learning. However, students considered that their mobile phones were useful devices for academic learning did not depend on their gender, age, college, or type of their Smartphone. Capabilities of all features of Smartphone had positive correlation for effect of Smartphone to their learning.</p> 2019-04-07T14:31:22-04:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Murni Sianturi, Nurhayati A Educational Planning and Human Resource Management: A Study of Public and Private Schools in Pakistan 2019-07-23T00:22:25-04:00 Adeela Rehman <p>Planning and management of curriculum and human resources in schools is precisely liable and precarious in nature. The present study addressed the matter while exploring the practices of educational planning and human resource management in public and private primary level schools in Punjab, Pakistan. The case studies of two public and private schools in Rawalpindi District of Punjab Province were conducted by interviewing the mangers and principles of private and public school respectively. The participant observations were also taken to substantiate the information provided by the respondents. The schools were selected on the basis of their reputation and high enrollment of the students. The findings of the study elaborated the differences in public and private schools with respect to educational planning and managing human resource. The public schools followed the standard curriculum designed by the Punjab text book board which is universal for all the public schools. The teachers are mostly on permanent position and experienced. Whereas in the private schools, international level curriculum is followed this differs from school to school. Every private school has their own curriculum which they followed according to the standard of the school. The manager of the school generally decides the nature of the curriculum and recruitment of the teacher on its own will and interests. The medium of instruction is English in private schools, while public school used both national and international language. As far as teacher competence is concern, the public school teachers are more experienced as compare to private schools as they are working at the same school for a longer time period due to which better able to manage various task in the school and also take part in educational planning. On the other hand, in private school, fresh and most of the time untrained young females are hired. For these employees, professional development and retention is very important for the managers. Selecting and recruiting new teacher is very tedious job as well as it also affects the student’s performances and achievements. It is indicated that the owner of the private school was in continues struggle and in apprehension of hiring, and retaining their staff by providing them extra bonuses and facilities at school, such as leaves, time flexibility, and reward etc.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Adeela Rehman Is South African Manufacturing SMMEs Ready for the Fourth Industrial Revolution? 2019-09-08T16:46:03-04:00 Lizzie L. Mabotja <p>The fourth industrial revolution is unquestionably resulting in significant changes in the workforce landscape, technological advancements, industry relations and it affects all aspects of society and the economy. This research paper is based on results from an earlier study focused on the challenges faced by small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs), sharing results from survey data and in-depth interview analyses conducted. A sample of 66 SMMEs was selected purposefully from the Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA)’s database where manufacturing SMMEs alluded to some of the critical challenges they are facing. A key finding from the research was that technological advancement and digital manufacturing are significant challenges for manufacturing SMMEs in South Africa. Small businesses are critical to South Africa’s ability to participate profitably in the fourth industrial revolution. The research shows that there are significant challenges for manufacturing SMMEs and that should be urgently addressed if South Africa is to participate advantageously in the fourth industrial revolution. This study recommends embedding technology into education and embracing new advancements and machinery within the education system. A change in the education system will help create a supply for future skills needed in the manufacturing sector. Manufacturing SMMEs contribute to a stronger economy and should embrace automation and artificial intelligence; this requires determined and collaborative efforts from government, its agencies and private sector through broader information sharing, planning for future skills and a dedicated fund for technology and modern machinery funding across various industries, particularly manufacturing.</p> 2019-04-07T15:48:54-04:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Lizzie L. Mabotja The Effect of Content Marketing on Decision Making of Graduate School of Business Administration in Thailand 2019-07-23T00:21:21-04:00 Thanisorn Rojanadilok Viroj Daraviroj <p>This study was an investigation of undergraduate student use content marketing to decision to study in the graduate school of business administration in Chonburi, Thailand. The graduate education prepares students for research in professional program.In2019, there is a lot of connection among people through the use of information and can leverage social media marketing to enhance their programs. The performance of the workplace offers the persons who graduate in graduate education level. The educators need content marketing to decision making to study in graduate school of business administration in Thailand. This study was qualitative research by In-depth interview of 30 bachelor degree’s people which three people from each district in Chonburi, Thailand. The research has significant in the website’s content, and facebook’s content of graduate school of business administration. The factors influence to apply to study in master and doctoral degree were the graduation programs, cost of attendance, graduation degree, location of the campus, university reputation, alumni, and current students opinion to graduate school.</p> 2019-04-07T15:14:44-04:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Thanisorn Rojanadilok, Viroj Daraviroj Does Compensation & Benefits Matters to Working Women to Perform Well? A Case of Public School Teachers 2019-07-23T00:21:00-04:00 Amir Saif Maira Amir Fawad Hussain <p>Pakistan is a developing country and with the changing global trend, technological advancement and human development are taking place. As we know that training and development is a constant growing process which keeps improving the excellence of employees. In education sector training, development and continuous learning play an important role. Teachers spend their lives grooming our children, youth and shaping our generations. Education is the key element for the success of any society. But unfortunately, there are various reasons why the quality of learning and competency level in the Public sector is not up to the benchmark both for students and teachers in Pakistan. According to report 2015-16 of Pakistan education institution of statistics the total primary schools is 145829 of 145, in which is 125573 is public primary school. On the other hand, as per education statistics there are a total of 422,797 primary school teachers of which 324,561 (77%) represents the public sector With such a huge contribution of public schools, there is a great room of improvement for teacher particularly their educational capability to deliver, then only a gradual change can be seen in the long run. The aim of the study is investigating the relationship between training and development, work engagement and women public teachers’ performance. This study also examines compensation &amp; benefits as a moderating variable. This study has used a total of 220 samples to analyze the data. The study has used Smart PLS and SPSS 22 statistical technique to analyze the data. This study used a quantitative method, in which data collected from working women (public school teachers) in Multan, Lodhran, Khanewal, and Vehari cities of the province Punjab in Pakistan. The findings have concluded that there is a significant relationship between training &amp; development, work engagement and employee performance. However, compensation &amp; benefits do not found to be a moderating variable. This research will be helpful for women public teacher’s related issue to training, work engagement, compensation, and benefits. The study recommends this problem could be resolved by considering some basic measures such as appropriate government policy for public teachers training and development, foolproof accountability system, education quality assessment. Injecting latest talent in the education system, international competitive pay scale, and merit-based transparent hiring process and believe that only education can change our children’s future.</p> 2019-04-07T15:24:22-04:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Amir Saif, Maira Amir, Fawad Hussain